【完整足球指数】欧赔
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The speed of what's happening is challenging the existing institutions we have for policy making.

The digital transformation holds many promises to spur innovation, generate efficiencies, and improve services while boosting more inclusive and sustainable growth and enhancing well-being. But these benefits come with disruptions. Our interactions with one another and with society more broadly are being transformed, as are the nature and structure of organisations and markets, raising important issues around jobs and skills, privacy, security, and how to ensure that technological changes benefit society as a whole, among others. To bring about stronger and more inclusive growth from the digital revolution, it is essential to build a coherent and comprehensive policy approach. This is the essence of the OECD's Going Digital project.

The March 2019 Going Digital Summit marked the end of the first phase (2017-2018) with the release of Going Digital: Shaping Policies, Improving Lives and Measuring the Digital Transformation: A Roadmap for the FuturePhase II (2019-2020) will help countries implement an integrated policy approach to the digital transformation, especially through further development of the Going Digital Toolkit (indicators, policy notes and innovative policy examples) and national reviews. It will also address new opportunities and challenges through analysis of frontier technologies, notably artificial intelligence and blockchain, with an ongoing focus on jobs, skills and social inclusion, and on productivity, competition and market structures.

Why the OECD?

The world does not lack white papers and policy briefs on ICT and digital economy policy. But the OECD is uniquely positioned to reduce the gap between "technology 4.0" and "policy 1.0" due to its distinctive strengths:
 

  • Specialised policy communities and supporting OECD staff that cover nearly all policy fields, enabling a whole-of-government perspective.
     
  • Deep digital experience through the OECD’s Committee on Digital Economy Policy, which has analysed the growth of the digital economy for 25 years.
     
  • Direct access to policy makers and stakeholder communities from a wide variety of countries, many of which have been at the forefront of the transformation.

Overview

Since early 2017 the OECD has been examining how the digital transformation affects policymaking across a large spectrum of policy areas, including competition; consumer policy; digital economy policy (privacy, security, infrastructure, economic impact); science, technology and innovation; industry and entrepreneurship; insurance and private pensions; financial markets; fiscal affairs and taxation; statistics; economic policy (monetary, fiscal and structural); education and skills; employment and social affairs; public governance; and trade. 

The project draws on national experiences and policy experimentation occurring across the OECD’s member countries, accession countries, key partners and many other economies involved in the OECD's work. These countries offer a rich diversity of approaches, challenges and levels of development. The OECD has also been engaging policy makers and stakeholders in a variety of ways. The OECD welcomes the active involvement and contributions of governments and stakeholders in this work.

The March 2019 Going Digital Summit marked the end of the first phase of the project. Over 2019 and 2020, Phase II aims to help countries implement an integrated policy approach to the digital transformation, especially through further development of the Going Digital Toolkit (including indicators, policy notes and innovative policy examples) and Going Digital national reviews.

Phase II will also address new opportunities and challenges through analysis of frontier technologies, notably artificial intelligence and blockchain, with an ongoing focus on jobs, skills and social inclusion, and on productivity, competition and market structures (including the evolving role of platforms and SMEs).

Bodies involved

Led and co-ordinated by the OECD’s Committee on Digital Economy Policy (CDEP), the project draws on and connects the expertise of several OECD committees:

  • Competition Committee
  • Committee on Consumer Policy
  • Committee on Industry, Innovation and Entrepreneurship
  • Insurance and Private Pensions Committee
  • Committee on Financial Markets
  • Committee on Fiscal Affairs
  • Committee on Scientific and Technological Policy
  • Committee on Statistics and Statistics Policy
  • Economic Policy Committee
  • Education Policy Committee
  • Employment, Labour and Social Affairs Committee
  • Public Governance Committee
  • Trade Committee

Other committees and bodies (e.g. the International Transport Forum, the Health Committee, the Environment Policy Committee, the Committee for Agriculture, the Investment Committee, and the International Energy Agency, etc.) may further enrich the overall project.

Project pillars

The Going Digital project is designed to actively engage with governments, stakeholders, and independent experts, including through workshops and roundtables planned in various countries before, during and after the analysis has been completed.

The project builds on three main pillars, each designed to break new ground in our understanding of the digital transformation and its effects on our economies and societies:

Horizontal activities

Pillar 1 includes an integrated policy framework for making the digital transformation work for growth and well-being. This pillar also includes other activities that are relevant across all policy areas, such as an analysis of how the digital transformation manifests itself across the economy and society and what this implies for policy, as well as projects on:

  • foresight
  • using digital technologies to improve policy design and implementation
  • digital security and resilience in essential sectors
  • policy coherence.

Domain-specific insights

Pillar 2 involves analysis of the digital transformation in specific policy areas (e.g. competition, science, tax, trade, etc.) and in the broader economy, carried out by domain experts working for specialised committees at the OECD.

This work will show the extent, nature, benefits and challenges of the digital transformation in each policy area, providing targeted insights and advice to policy makers.

Cross-cutting analysis

Pillar 3 comprises a set of modules focusing on key cross-cutting issues. This work will involve “deep dives” into some of the major challenges we face in the digital era and that are at the intersection of more than one policy area. Modules include:

  • jobs and skills in the digital economy
  • the implications of the digital transformation for competition and market openness
  • productivity
  • making the digital transformation work for society and well-being
  • measuring the digital transformation.
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