【完整足球指数】欧赔
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Opening Session

Day 1 - November 26

GGSD_2019_Session2_1

14:00 - 15:30 

Efforts to shift to a low-carbon economy and meet the Sustainable Development Goals will require far-reaching transformations of the heavy and extractive industries. Ending poverty (SDG 1), ensuring quality education (SDG 4) or providing access to clean water for all (SDG 6) will require large investments in infrastructure, driving the growth of several heavy industries such as steel and cement making. At the same time, limiting global temperature increase (SDG 13) will require emission reduction in these carbon-intensive sectors. Providing clean energy for all (SDG 7, SDG 9 and 13) could lead to a progressive reduction of fossil fuels consumption and drive the demand of minerals that underpin several low-carbon technologies, such as lithium for batteries or rare earths for renewable power generation.  Reducing waste (SDG 12) will call for higher rates of materials recycling and re-utilisation.

 

Welcome Remarks

 

Keynote address

  • Adair Turner, Chairman of the Energy Transitions Commission,Senior Fellow, INET

Moderator

OECD country perspective

  • Eva Svedling, State Secretary for Agenda 2030 and Climate, Sweden (Invited)

Industry perspective

  • CEO, ThyssenKrupp AG (TBC)

OECD Secretariat Perspective

Session 1 - Fiscal implications of the low-carbon transition

Day 1 - November 26

GGSD_2019_Session1

16:00 - 17:45 

If global greenhouse gas emissions are to decrease in order to meet the Paris objectives, the consumption of fossil fuels would need to gradually decrease as economies become more electrified and renewables are deployed on a larger scale. The progressive reduction in fossil fuels consumption presents challenges to both resource-rich countries and net importers: the former often rely on these sectors for fiscal revenues and face the challenge of economic diversification; the latter will face shifting tax bases as, for instance, low-carbon electricity progressively replaces fossil fuel energy in the transport sector. At the same time, governments also spend considerable amounts to subsidise fossil fuel production and consumption. Estimates range between USD 373 billion and USD 617 billion over the period 2010-2015 for the 76 economies contributing 94% of global CO2 emissions while foregone revenues due to under-pricing of carbon emissions is estimated to amount to almost 0.8% of GDP across all OECD and G20.  This session will discuss the role that well-designed environmental fiscal reforms could play in managing the fiscal implications of the progressive decarbonisation of the economy. The debate will also focus on the tools available to natural resource-rich countries to effectively manage revenues from their extractive sectors, such as sovereign wealth funds, while pursuing economic diversification.

Moderator


Scene-setters

  • Rick van der Ploeg, Professor of Economics and Research Director, Oxford Centre for the Analysis of Resource-Rich Economies.
  • TBC, Co-chair of the Natural-based Policy Dialogue (TBD)

Panellists

  • Isabel Blanco, Lead Economist, Economics and Policy Group, European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD)
  • Øystein Bieltvedt Skeie, Economist (Chief specialist), Norwegian Ministry of Finance; Delegate, Joint Meetings of Experts on Tax & Environment (JMTEE)
  • Svein Gjedrem, Chairman, OECD’s Economic and Development Review Committee (EDRC); Former Governor of the Central Bank of Norway (Invited)

Questions for discussion

  • How would the progressive electrification of energy consumption affect tax systems? Is carbon capture, storage and utilization (CCUS) a requirement for decarbonising these sectors?
  • How can governments support green innovations? What is the role of private, public R&D and co-opetition?   
  • What barriers can prevent technology transfer or a wide international deployment of a given technology?  What policies can help to address them
  • What are the key barriers to accelerate the sustainable transition of the heavy industries? Is carbon capture, storage and utilization (CCUS) a requirement for decarboninsing these sectors?

Session 2 - Driving innovation for greening heavy industries

Day 2 - November 27

GGSD_2019_Session2_2

09:30 - 11:00

The world’s consumption of several minerals is expected to increase considerably as the global economy expands and living standards rise, further increasing the pressure on the environment. At the same time, a sustainable exploitation of natural resources is required to meet numerous SDGs, such as ensuring availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all (SDG 6), promoting decent work and economic growth (SDG 8), investments in infrastructure (SDG 9), climate action SGD 13, and life on land (SDG 15). In this context, this session will discuss the opportunities and the challenges generated by the green low-carbon transition for the extractive industry. The debate will explore how green technologies and business practises, including renewable energies, digitalisation (e.g. unmanned vehicles and satellites) and responsible business conduct, may help to green the extractive industries. Furthermore, the session will discuss the tools available to governments and to Development Finance Institutions to address existing barriers to the shift towards greener technologies, including financing and skills gaps. The session will also consider opportunities for the integration of resource-rich economies into green value chains.

Moderator

  • Jai Motwane, Deputy Assistant US Trade Representative for Industrial Competitiveness; Vice Chairman, OECD Steel Committee (Invited)

Scene-setter

Panellists

  • William Garcia, Executive Director HSE, Responsible Care and Supply Chain, European Chemical Industry Council (Cefic)
  • Rob van der Meer, Director Public Affairs, HeilderbegCement, Germany
  • Åsa Ekdahl, Head, Environment and Climate Change, World Steel Association (Invited)
  • Maarten Neelis,  Principal advisor Sustainability at Rijkswaterstaat, Ministry of Infrastructure and Water Management, The Netherlands

Questions for discussion

  • What are the key barriers to accelerate the sustainable transition of the heavy industries?
  • How can governments support green innovations? What is the role of private, public R&D and co-opetition?
  • What barriers can prevent technology transfer or a wide international deployment of a given technology? What policies can help to address them?

Parallel Session A - Greening extractive sectors: mission possible?

Day 2 - November 27

GGSD_2019_Session_A_1

 

11:30 - 13:00 

The world’s consumption of several minerals is expected to increase considerably as the global economy expands and living standards rise, further increasing the pressure on the environment. At the same time, a sustainable exploitation of natural resources is required to meet numerous SDGs, such as ensuring availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all (SDG 6), promoting decent work and economic growth (SDG 8), investments in infrastructure (SDG 9), climate action SGD 13, and life on land (SDG 15). In this context, this session will discuss the opportunities and the challenges generated by the green low-carbon transition for the extractive industry. The debate will explore how green technologies and business practises, including renewable energies, digitalisation (e.g. unmanned vehicles and satellites) and responsible business conduct, may help to green the extractive industries. Furthermore, the session will discuss the tools available to governments and to Development Finance Institutions to address existing barriers to the shift towards greener technologies, including financing and skills gaps. The session will also consider opportunities for the integration of resource-rich economies into green value chains.

Moderator

Scene-setter

  • Christopher Sheldon, Practice Manager, Energy and Extractive Industries, World Bank  (TBC)

Panellists

  • Jorge Cantallopts, Director of Studies, Chilean Commission for Copper (Cochilco) (Invited)
  • Hillary Morgan, Director, Natural Resources Canada (Invited)
  • Kakha Kuchava, Member of Parliament, Georgia, Chair of the Environmental Protection and Natural Resources Committee
  • Charlotte Wolff-Bye, Vice President Sustainability, Equinor (Invited)

Questions for discussion

  • What are the opportunities and the challenges for the extractive sector connected to the green low-carbon transition?
  • How can resource-rich countries benefit from the increasing demand for minerals and metals, while ensuring that environmental and climate impacts are minimized?
  • What are the barriers to the development and adoption of greener new technologies and business practices in the extractive sector? 
  • Beyond environmental impacts, how can extractive industries contribute to the broader sustainability agenda? 

Parallel Session B - International trade and the circular economy

Day 2 - November 27

GGSD_2019_SessionB

11:30 - 13:00 

The transition towards a more circular economy has broad linkages with international trade. Thanks to global value chains, products cross national borders several times before reaching their final customers and, once they reach their end-of-life, are often re-exported. Efforts to decouple economic growth and material use need to consider domestic consumption as well as materials embedded in imported goods.  This session will look at the role that trade can have in closing the material loop and promoting a circular economy. The debate will investigate the tension between the long-standing principle of avoiding trade in waste due to potential negative environmental impacts and growing awareness of the importance of waste and secondary materials as tradable commodity. The need of harmonising domestic circular economy policies, such as standards and labelling, in order to ensure international waste trade flows will also be discussed.

Moderator

  • Julia Nielson, Deputy Director, Trade and Agriculture Directorate, OECD

 

Scene-setter

  • Shardul Agrawala, Head of Environment and Economy Integration Division, Environment Directorate, OECD

Panellists

  • Scott Vaughan, Distinguished Fellow, International Institute for Sustainable Development
  • Jenny Svärd, Director Environmental Policies, Confederation of Swedish Enterprise
  • Keli Yu, Secretary General of China National Resources Recycling Association
  • Adina Renee Adler, Senior Director,  Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries 

Questions for discussion

  • What are the challenges and opportunities of free trade in secondary materials? Do existing trade policies promote material efficiency?
  • What are the consequences of the emerging trade restrictions on waste and scrap, and what could be the potential solutions?
  • How can national standards be harmonized in order to avoid fragmentation of international markets? Is there room for regional or global harmonization?
  • What is the role of innovation, including block-chain technology? Can early standardization hamper innovation?

Parallel Session C - Regions and extractive industries

Day 2 - November 27

GGSD_2019_SessionC1

11:30 - 13:00

Resource-rich regions are engines of growth for many countries. However, they do not necessarily reap the full benefits of the extraction of non-renewable resources and often face issues such as indigenous communities and landowners, remoteness and limited economic diversity, as well as lack of community infrastructure and services. At the same time, the costs associated with the specialisation in mining (e.g. environmental externalities and socio-economic inequalities) also tend to be amplified at the local and regional scale. The transition to low-carbon economies generates new challenges and opportunities, including managing structural adjustment costs for regions dependent on the extraction of hydrocarbons, as well as introducing renewable energy technologies in mining. This session will investigate how place-based development approaches can promote sustainable and inclusive exploitation of finite natural resources. It will also address how mining operations and investment can support local entrepreneurs and SMEs. The role of multi-level governance and sub-national fiscal arrangements, stakeholders engagement and partnerships with indigenous communities will be discussed, as well as the ‘just transition’ for mine workers.

Moderator

  • Alain Dupeyras, Head of Division for Regional Development and Tourism, OECD

 

Scene-setter

  • Nicky Black, Director, Social and Economic Development at International Council on Mining and Metals – ICMM (Invited)

Panellists

  • Linda Dawson, General Manager Communities and Communications, Rio Tinto Iron Ore Perth, Australia (Invited)
  • Mika Riipi, County Governor at Regional Council of Lapland, Finland 
  • Gavin Bridge, Professor, Durham University, United Kingdom 
  • Nancy Bahamonde, Grupo de Diálogo, Minería y Desarollo Sostenible, Peru (TBC)

Questions for discussion

  • How can subnational governments promote more inclusive development in mining regions in the context of a green energy transition? What mechanisms, competencies and skills are needed and work best to implement places based policies?
  • How can mining regions be supported to invest in sustainable long-term growth? What regional planning, multi-level governance and revenue sharing arrangements help achieve this outcome?
  • What are the opportunities for regional development that can be harnessed in terms of developing local mining value chains related to the circular economy and green technologies?
  • How can governments and mining companies work together to deliver local job opportunities and improve quality of life in mining regions, particularly in the context of increased automation and digitalisation?

Special High-Level Panel Discussion: The new geopolitics of natural resources

Day 2 - November 27

GGSD_2019_SP_Session

14:30 - 16:00 

The energy mix that underpins our societies is evolving. The share of fossil fuels, which have powered economic growth and contributed to lifting millions of people out of poverty, will need to be reduced if the world is to achieve net-zero emissions by mid-century. As countries aim to strengthen their energy security by harnessing domestic renewable energy sources, a reduction in the geostrategic importance of oil and gas is a potential consequence. Furthermore, the low-carbon transition could face new resource bottlenecks due to the supply concentration of metals such as lithium or cobalt in a few regions, as illustrated by the 2010 rare earth crisis. Digitalisation, a key enabler of the low-carbon transition for its role in smart grids, may also create cyber security and privacy concerns. This special High-Level Panel will discuss how the green transition may change the geopolitics of natural resources and the implications for the international rules-based framework.

Moderator

  • Roger Dungan, Deputy Permanent Representative to the OECD, New Zealand

 

Scene-setter

Panellists

  • Kirsten Westphal, Senior Associate Research Division Global Issues, German Institute for International and Security Affairs (SWP) (Invited) 
  • Anthony Cox, Deputy Director, Environment Directorate, OECD 

 

Closing Session

Day 2 - November 27

GGSD_2019_Closing Session

16:15 - 17:15

Moderator:

  • Kumi Kitamori, Head of Green Growth and Global Relations Division, Environment Directorate, OECD

Reporting back from Parallel Sessions

  • Session A - Ligia Noronha, Director, Economy Division, UN Environment 
  • Session B - Julia Nielson, Deputy Director, Trade and Agriculture Directorate, OECD 
  • Session C - Alain Dupeyras, Head of Division for Regional Development and Tourism, OECD

Secretariat response

Closing remarks

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